Appendix: Women Commentators Referred to by Dr. Belcher
Some may consider this a non-point; I don’t. When a man yields to a woman "theologian" it is a definite breach of Scripture.
One of the troubling features of Dr. Belcher’s "The Fulfillment of the Promise of God" is his use of women theological authors (referenced in several places in the footnotes and listed below).
The Apostle’s reasoning in 1 Tim 2 (under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit!) is that women receive instruction–they don’t give instruction. He cites two reasons for the prohibition of women teaching:
- Adam was the first human created; Eve derived from Adam.
- Eve was deceived, Adam was not.
Neither of these reasons has changed, nor ever can change. Neither is cultural; both are timeless. Both are before the Law.
I believe that this is a problem in Dr. Belcher’s book because 1 Tim 2 still applies. When he cites one of these women "theologians", he is in violation of 1 Tim 2.
1 Tim 2.9-15
Likewise, I want women to adorn themselves with proper clothing, modestly and discreetly, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly garments, but rather by means of good works, as is proper for women making a claim to godliness. A woman must quietly receive instruction with entire submissiveness. But I do not allow a woman to teach or exercise authority over a man, but to remain quiet. For it was Adam who was first created, and then Eve. And it was not Adam who was deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression. But women will be preserved through the bearing of children if they continue in faith and love and sanctity with self-restraint.
It is evident that the Apostle is referring to theology, because other Bible texts make it clear that women do have a teaching responsibility:
The following proverbs, addressed to the child, assume the teaching role of a child’s mother:
Hear, my son, your father’s instruction
And do not forsake your mother’s teaching;
My son, observe the commandment of your father
And do not forsake the teaching of your mother;
In the NT, the Apostle Paul asserts the responsibilities of older, godly women:
Older women likewise are to be reverent in their behavior, not malicious gossips nor enslaved to much wine, teaching what is good, so that they may encourage the young women to love their husbands, to love their children, to be sensible, pure, workers at home, kind, being subject to their own husbands, so that the word of God will not be dishonored.
So, if teaching by women was forbidden in the NT, it must be a limitation of the topic of that teaching, not the act of teaching. It is evident that the Apostle is instructing those in the church, the members of the true faith. The men are clearly given the leadership role in the true church; then, when the men exercise their responsibilities, the women are to “quietly receive instruction with entire submissiveness.” I know that this aggravates and infuriates many women of our day, but this is the Word of the LORD to the churches! Where women “exercise authority over a man” in our churches, it is certain that the men have failed in their leadership role, and it is even more certain that the LORD is not pleased.
I found footnote citations to the following 5 women who are termed "theologians":
Author of 6 commentaries and 1 article (Women Likewise, Church Pastoral Aid Society)
Author/Coauthor of 9 commentaries and 7 commentaries articles/chapters.
Rev. Dr. Patricia Dutcher-Walls
Professor of Hebrew Scripture at Vancouver School of Theology
I couldn't find any background information.
Senior Professor of Old Testament
Fuller Theological Seminary
Author of 2 commentaries and "numerous" articles.